In recent times there is a drastic change in the automobile industry, as electrically running vehicles are on the road. According to a new report from the International Energy Agency, the number of electric cars on the road is predicted to expand to 125 million worldwide by 2030, due to supportive policies and cost reduction.
The electric vehicle is a revolution in the automotive field, as Electric vehicle (EV) consumes electricity from various sources like the internal battery, charged by the external sources, a generator converting fuel into electricity and equipping solar panels. The electric vehicle is not restricted to locomotives and roads but they also work underwater and in the Air. As there is an increase in the price of the fuels, the electric vehicle forayed in the market for serving the automotive industry.
These vehicles are very efficient with low power consumption and long travelling range. Earlier they are charged for a long time with a low travelling distance. Now, the advanced once are very hastily charged. EV's are now in a wide variety of designs and configurations.
Nissan introduced its first electric vehicle in Japan and the United States in 2010 and followed by other countries. This award-winning electric car's count reached more than 350,000 all over the world by Sept 2018. Its battery is charged 0-80% in just 30 Minutes it travels 243km (151 miles) once it fully charged. In BEV's, the front engine space is empty as the batteries are found at the bottom of the car such that it controls the rollout.
A 2018 study at the University of Michigan's Transportation Research Institute found that electric vehicles cost less than half as much to operate as gas-powered cars. The average cost to operate an EV in the United States is $485 per year, while the average for a gasoline-powered vehicle is $1,117. When Compared to the purchase cost BEV's(Battery electrical vehicle) price is slightly high but, the maintenance and fuel cost will benefit you in the long run, the expenditure on the vehicle lowers while ICE's (Internal combustion engine) increases.
Few BEV's(Battery electrical vehicle) are known as independent vehicles as they installed solar panels on the vehicle, which converts the solar energy into electricity and charge the battery.
As per a research, the battery charging time increases when there is a drop in temperature. The chemicals in the battery react to the conditions and lower the battery charging capacity. It is suggested that limiting the charging time will benefit the battery for a longer run.
Electric Vehicle Benefits
• Pure electric vehicles are true zero emissions vehicles. No greenhouse gases are emitted during vehicle operation.
• Gasoline is eliminated, replaced by grid sourced electricity generated from traditional and increasingly renewable sources. Many electric vehicles have factory installed or aftermarket solar panels installed on roofs.
• Fuel cost (electricity) per mile is 20-25% of gasoline or flex-fuel cost.
• 95% of the energy used to recharge EVs comes from domestic sources. Dependence on foreign oil is reduced.
• Very low vehicle operation and maintenance costs.
• Self energy generation through regenerative braking.
• Simple battery recharging through standard household 110V outlets and recharging stations.
• Electric vehicles are in production and available today at prices in a similar range to that of traditional gasoline and hybrid cars. A few models are also available in the luxury price range.
Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle, the fuel cell in FCEVs is a combination of hydrogen with oxygen from the air to produce electricity. The electricity from the fuel cell then powers an electric motor, which powers the vehicle just like a BEV. And like BEVs, there is no pollution or climate-changing elements from FCEVs end-pipe the only byproduct is water. Pressurized Hydrogen can be filled in at the hydrogen stations in less than 5 minutes and can travel up to 300 miles. It also has a technology of capturing the energy lost while braking and storing it in the battery.
Expecting 500,000 FCEVs on road by 2030 in the USA.